- Abnormal bleeding, eg. between periods, after menopause
- Discharge with an unpleasant smell or blood stained
- Pain during penetrative sex
- An internal lump or growth that you or your doctor can feel
- An internal itch that won’t go away and pain when urinating
- Persistent pelvic and internal pain
Human papilloma virus
HPV is present in more than two-thirds of cases, which suggests that it may increase your risk of developing the condition.
Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN). VAIN is a term used to describe cells that are abnormal, which are thought of as a pre-cancerous condition. It is thought to be closely linked to having a persistent HPV infection. If left untreated it can turn into cancer.